Inclusion health is a service, research, and policy agenda that aims to prevent and redress health and social inequities among the most vulnerable and excluded populations. This evidence synthesis of health and social interventions for inclusion health target populations, including people with experiences of homelessness, drug use, imprisonment, and sex work was first published in The Lancet, by researchers including Pathway Fellows and Secretary to the Faculty, Dr Nigel Hewett. Inclusion Health populations often have multiple overlapping risk factors and extreme levels of morbidity and mortality.

The paper identifies numerous interventions to improve physical and mental health, and substance use; however, evidence is scarce for structural interventions, including housing, employment, and legal support that can prevent exclusion and promote recovery. It concludes that dedicated resources and better collaboration with the affected populations are needed to realise the benefits of existing interventions. Research must inform the benefits of early intervention and implementation of policies to address the upstream causes of exclusion, such as adverse childhood experiences and poverty. This paper is free to access, but you will need to register for a Lancet account.